I am interested in holistic architecture integrated with nature and the rationalization of city planning. From the perspective of an architect and scientist, I am researching the processes by which urban spatio-temporal structures behave as multi-scale complex adaptive systems within ecosystems.

My goal is to apply theory and methods from systems science to create collaborative human / machine design processes. Cities are simultaneously the physical manifestation of buildings and
infrastructure or hardware as well as the software and wetware of socio-economic systems and biological-ecological systems.

Fractal cartography, cellular automata simulation and genetic algorithms are some of the theoretical components underlying the framework I have developed and applied in a number of projects to date.